Please select two of the following questions and answer, each question should be answered with a 900 word essay. YOU MUST USE THE USA OR FRANCE AS A CASE STUDY WHILE ANSWERING A QUESTION. To clarify again, when answering each question you must choose to use either the USA or France as your case study. You can only use on case study per essay and cant use the same country for both essays. for example if you choose USA as your case study for essay 1 you MUST pick France for your case study on essay 2. – I have attached some resources of these case studies, detailing a lot of useful relevant information on the USA and France to aid you in this. It is very important that the goal of the essay is to persuade. you must state your position clearly in the introduction, then in the body of your essay you must have clear arguments and counterarguments, of course not forgetting the important deeper evaluation of these. then in the conclusion you summarise your argument and restate your position referring to your arguments. So when you present a criticism of your view it is important for this essay for you to then rebate it, and criticise the presented criticism. 2. What provides a stronger defence against authoritarian leaders, constitutional checks and balances or an active civil society? 3. Can a country be considered democratic if it holds fair elections but fails to protect the individual rights of its citizens? 4. Do cultural or economic factors better explain variations in the success of democratisation of different societies? 5. Is it necessarily bad for democracy when elected leaders are only weakly constrained by the constitution? 6. If citizens consistently vote for leaders who malign liberal democratic norms, does this suggest that another kind of political regime would be more appropriate? 7. Does nationalism generally function as a driver or a spoiler of democratization? 8. Is it ever possible for citizens to experience life as ‘democratic’ in contexts where elections are not free and fair?