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T‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍he objective of this study is ask if it is safe for a child to strength train or want to know the “correct age” or “how young is too young” for a child to start sports or in more movement like activities such as yoga, parkour, gymnastics, or martial arts, etc. Specific Aim 1: Determine what is the underlying reason children get injured and examine what age range kids should strength training or training in general Primary Hypothesis: Kids as young as 8 years old can safely start strength training while having an idea of good proprioception, good balance and control of their own bodyweight, do the exercises with the right form, and be able listen to ques/instructions. If the child is ready to be in sports like hockey, basketball, or gymnastics, it is also safe to start strength training to prevent injuries from occuring. Specific Aim 2: Determine what is the most effecient and healthy pathway in terms of movement patterns, biomechanics and understand proprioception to reduce chances of injury for the youth. Secondary Hypothesis: A structured program of warm-up exercises, bodyweight training in youth playing sports. Prevention training should be introduced as an integral part of youth sports. Here is an example of what this paper should look like : INTRODUCTION Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric condition characterized by erratic moods and energy that materialize as recurrent episodes of manic or depressive symptoms (5). Symptoms include but are not limited to depressed mood, maniac and hypomanic episodes, uncharacteristic change in functioning, and insomnia (5). Bipolar disorder is associated with severe physical disability, high mortality rates, and increased demand for health services with therapy often including both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions (3). There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the prevalence of sedentary lifestyles in individuals with mental illnesses. Studies over the past two decades have provided important information on the positive effects of physical activity on people with major depressive disorder (13). Since then, it has been well established that exercise can help to reduce depressive symptoms in individuals with bipolar disorder or those with major depressive disorder (13). In contrast to the positive effects physical activity has shown on individuals who have depression, there is much less information about the effects physical activity will have on individuals with bi‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍polar disorder. Researchers have suggested physical activity may actually precipitate a manic episode (13). The possibility of physical activity causing a maniac episode has created great paucity on further research on this research topic. Malhi & Byrow (13) found that the effects of exercise on mental health are dependent upon the current mood state of the individual with bipolar disorder. This has led to new studies exploring whether physical activity can be used as a therapeutic measure to improve mental health in bipolar disorder patients. Ng et al. (16) measured the effects of physical activity on the acute treatment of bipolar disorder and found that the group who participated in physical activity had a significantly lower prevalence of some bipolar symptoms including depression, anxiety, and stress in a populace setting (16). This study intends to build on this by looking at long-term exercise training effects as a therapeutic treatment for Bipolar disorder. Because individuals with mental health disorders are more prone to having sedentary lifestyles, it is important to explore the effects physical activity can on mental disorders. The main objective of this study is to determine whether group aerobic physical activity is an effective therapeutic intervention to improve mental state for individuals with bipolar disorder. The study will be conducted in the form of a randomly controlled clinical trial that will include two groups. One group will consistently participate in aerobic physical activity for 24 months and the other will serve as a sedentary control. The trial will last two years as a way of examining the long-term effects aerobic physical activity can have on symptoms of bipolar disorder. Participants will be randomized to either participate in aerobic physical activity or participate in no physical activity in order to address the following specific aims: Specific Aim 1: Determine the effectiveness of a two-year aerobic physical activity program on the mental state of individuals with bipolar disorder. Primary Hypothesis: Bipolar disorder subjects participating in aerobic physical activity will see greater improvements in mental health (reduced anxiety, depression, and stress) compared to those not participating in aerobic physical activity. Limitations: Indirect measure of maniac symptoms The effort displayed by the participant will be assumed to be their best Effect of sex or ethnicity are beyond the scope of t‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍his study


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